Tag Archives: SEN

The Children and Families Act can have a real impact – let’s make the most of it

“I feel like I am letting my daughter down and having to fight for the support she rightly deserves.”

“It would be lovely to hear ‘how can we best help you?’ rather than ‘what is it you are asking for?’”

Today Scope released new research which paints a stark picture of the emotional toll paid by families with disabled children as they fight a seemingly never-ending struggle to get support.

Two thirds of parents with disabled children have had problems accessing local services over the past year, with eight in ten parents feeling frustrated, stressed or exhausted as a result.

Stories like these are exactly why the Government promised the Children and Families Act would be a ‘once-in-a-generation’ reform of support for disabled children and their families; ending the battle many parents fight to get the support they desperately need.

Last week the changes made by the Act went ‘live’. The Act has the potential to make a real difference to the lives of families with disabled children.

Three changes that will help families with disabled children:

  1. Families should know what support is available locally – and help to shape it

The Act brings in a new ‘Local Offer’ of all the services and support for children and young people with disabilities or special educational needs from birth to 25. This will make it easier for families to know what support they can access.

Councils now have a duty to plan services in their area for all disabled children, not just those with special educational needs. So children who do not need support at school but have other needs will also be able to access support.

Scope’s Keep Us Close campaign focused on making the Local Offer as strong as possible so that families could access good, high-quality services close to home and hold local councils to account.

The Government listened to Scope’s concerns and strengthened the Act to give parents a greater say. Councils now have to consider the views and experiences of parents and young disabled people when they develop their Local Offers.

However, the Act was also an ideal opportunity for the government to ensure local authorities promote inclusive and accessible universal services that all families can use. This didn’t happen and feels like a missed opportunity.

  1. A stronger focus on preparing for adult life

The transition to adulthood can be a time of great anxiety and stress for young disabled people and their families. When they are deciding what sort of future they want, they have the added complication of big, confusing changes to all the services they receive.

The Act brings in a clear expectation that all agencies will work with families to plan the move to adult life and adult services from the age of 13 at the latest. There is more flexibility for local agencies to carry on providing children’s services up to the age of 25 and the Local Offer has to include support for young people to move into work, education or training and live independently.

This should help to remove the current cliff edge where support falls away from age 16 to 18.

  1. Joined up support – with a focus on ‘the best possible outcomes’

Families frequently tell us that they have to negotiate each aspect of their child’s support separately, and feel they are passed from ‘pillar to post’ by professionals from different types of services.

The Act brings in stronger requirements for all the services that support disabled children and young people to work together and promote ‘the best possible outcomes’ – at all levels, and for all disabled children and young people. It also introduces Education, Health and Care Plans – a single document that captures all the support received by children with special educational needs.

Next steps

The Act is a substantial change to the system of support for children with disabilities and special educational needs.

The reforms will require a cultural shift for a wide range of professionals, including commissioners and those working on the ground. All local councils need to make sure they provide adequate support for families with disabled children. A key part of this is listening to their views and experiences when planning and reviewing the Local Offer.

To help families navigate the new system, over the next two years Scope will be running a new Independent Supporter service in six areas across the country.

Independent supporters will help families with the move to Education, Health and Care Plans: supporting them to identify their legal rights and their needs and aspirations for their child, access any information they need to choose the right services and understand how to challenge decisions.

Legislation can only do so much – everyone involved needs to act and make sure the reforms work for families with disabled children.

Film of the week: Jamie’s story at Craig y Parc school in Wales

Meet 17-year-old Jamie Love – aspiring star of the future.

Jamie is a student at Scope’s Craig y Parc special school for disabled children (near Cardiff, Wales). In this new film from Scope, he talks about how the school has inspired him to follow his dreams. For information about other Scope schools.

Will new health duty benefit all families with disabled children?

Edward Timpson, the Children and Families Minister, has announced that he will strengthen the special educational needs (SEN) provisions in the Children and Families Bill by placing an additional duty on the new clinical commissioning groups (CCGs). This will force them to guarantee health care services agreed as part of the new Education, Health and Care Plans (EHC Plan).

So does this mean that parents will no longer need to battle to get the health support their child needs?

Not exactly – although it is certainly a big step towards removing some of the battles that parents tell us they face in getting the right support for their child. It should mean that any child or young person who has an EHC Plan will be guaranteed access to health services such as speech and language therapy if it will help with their education and it is included in their Plan.

But, as is always the case, it is the detail that is important. We have yet to see exactly how this new duty will be included, but as this part of the Children and Families Bill remains education focused, the duty will only be enforceable if health care is needed to support learning. So the battles over deciding such things as whether help to eat lunch, or occupational health to improve posture are health or educational needs will remain.

Currently 87% of children with SEN do not have a Statement. They are unlikely to be eligible for the new EHC Plans. A quarter of disabled children have health or social care needs but do not have special educational needs. They will not be eligible for an EHC Plan either. So how will the duty on CCGs help this group – which contains the vast majority of children, young people and their families, all of whom will be reliant on universal services for support?

Parents have told us that they battle to get specialist services, or a Statement for their child because local provision such as childcare, leisure facilities or schools do not meet their needs.Or because it is the only way they can access health care such as physiotherapy. Neither the new duty on CCGs, or any of the existing ones in the Bill will change that – the Local Offer is simply a directory of services that a local authority ‘expects to be available’ in the local area. It is the equivalent of a SEN Yellow Pages. It will not guarantee help for families.

In other words, the battles that most parents face now will remain, even with the additional duty on health.

Scope is working hard to improve the Local Offer through our Keep Us Close campaign. We want all disabled children, young people and their families to benefit from the Children and Families Bill. We are asking the government to ensure that local authorities promote provision of inclusive and accessible universal services that all families can use. We are also fighting for enforceable duties on local agencies to improve the Local Offer where it is just not good enough and where families still battle to get the support they need.

Visit our Keep Us Close campaign to learn more.